Answer to Kratus #20 & 22 krab
Again, in Europe when a woman married a titled or royal man, she literally takes HER HUSBANDs NAME & TITLE.
For example, when Lord Randolph Churchill (who, as a younger son of 7th Duke of Marlborough, used the title Lord + his Christian name + his Surname) married a non-titled American lady named Jennie Jerome, his wife after the wedding was styled Lady Randolph Churchill and never Lady Jennie Churchill because she was not born a Lady by herself. They were the parents of the well-known Sir Winston Churchill. (Sir Winston Churchill himself, as a son of a younger son of a Duke, had no title when he was born.)
Only a daughter of a Duke, a Marquess, or an Earl is entitled to be styled Lady + her Christian name + her surname. An example might make this clearer (or more confused?) is the elder sister of Diana Princess of Wales, (Cynthia) Jane.
When (Cynthia) Jane was born in 1957, her father, Edward, has NOT :-) become the Earl and used the courtesy title of the eldest son of Earl Spencer as Viscount Althorp. Jane, as a daughter of a Viscount, was born the Honourbale Miss (Cynthia) Jane Spencer. In 1975 her father succeeded her grandfather as the 8th Earl Spencer, Jane (and all of her sisters) was upgraded to a daughter of an Earl as Lady Jane Spencer. When she married Robert Fellowes, she became Lady Jane Fellowes (She did not lose her Lady title upon marriage.) and remained so even when her husband was knighted a KCVO in 1989. (Usually a non-titled wife of a knighted man uses the title Lady + Her HUSBANDs SURNAME, so had Jane been born a Miss Jane XXX, she would have become Lady Fellowes). Sir Robert Fellowes was Private Secretary to the Queen from 1990-1999. When he retired from the service in 1999, he was given a life peerage (like that of Baroness Thatcher) as Baron Fellowes of Shotesham, and Jane became Baroness Fellowes of Shotesham. To make matter even more confused, a Baron and his wife (Baroness) are ALWAYS referred to as a Lord and Lady. So they now are simply called Lord & Lady Fellowes of Shotesham.
Now we come to royal titles;
When Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon married HRH the Duke of York, she became HRH the Duchess of York, NOT HRH Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of York. Had her husband, HRH the Prince Albert NOT been created the Duke of York, she would have been styled HRH Princess Albert and NOT HRH Princess Elizabeth. Since it has always been a custom to created a royal prince a peer in the degree of Duke, we hardly heard of a wife of a prince referred to as Princess + her HUSBANDs Christian name.
When HRH the Duke of York ascended the throne as HM King George VI, then she automatically became HM Queen Elizabeth. The queens title is exceptional in a sense that she can be called Queen + her own Christian name.
Another example is Queen Victorias eldest child and daughter, another Victoria. She was born HRH Princess Victoria and was created Princess Royal. She married Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia and became Crown Princess of Prussia. Her husband succeeded to the throne of Prussia and the German Crown, she became Her Imperial Majesty (HIM) Queen of Prussia and German Empress. Her husband remained on the throne for only 99 days and passed away. After his death, she chose to be known as the HIM Empress Frederick, instead of the Dowager Empress Victoria, in order to have her husbands name stay fresh in peoples memory.
Back to British royal family;
When Lady Alice Montagu-Douglas-Scott married HRH (Prince Henry) the (1st) Duke of Gloucester, she became HRH the Duchess of Gloucester, NOT HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester.
When their younger son, HRH Prince Richard of Gloucester married a Swedish commoner, Brigitt, the wife became HRH Princess Richard of Gloucester, NOT HRH Princess Brigitt of Gloucester.
When the 1st Duke of Gloucester passed away, the elder son, Prince William had died of a plane crash. The younger, Prince Richard succeeded to the dukedom as HRH (Prince Richard) the (2nd) Duke of Gloucester, his wife became then HRH the Duchess of Gloucester NOT HRH Princess Brigitt, Duchess of Gloucester.
*************That was when the dowager Duchess (Alice) got to become known as HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, to differentiate her from her daughter-in-law. In other word she became a princess of her own.************
When Lady Diana Spencer married HRH (Prince Charles) the Prince of Wales, she became HRH the Princess of Wales, NOT HRH Princess Diana, Princess of Wales. Technically, she was HRH Princess Charles, Princess of Wales. When she divorced Prince Charles, she got stripped off her royal title (HRH) so she became, as a divorced wife of a British Peer, Diana, Princess of Wales (which signifies as Diana who USED TO BE Princess of Wales).
When Sarah Ferguson married HRH the Prince Andrew, had Andrew NOT been created the Duke of York the day before the wedding, she would have been simply HRH Princess Andrew, but she became HRH the Duchess of York. When they got divorced, just like Diana, she got stripped off her royal title (HRH) and became known simply as Sarah, Duchess of York (which is Sarah who USED TO BE the Duchess of York.) It would be technically wrong to call her just the Duchess of York because she is no longer so.
Please notice that because HRH Prince Michael of Kent has never been created a peer, his wife is styled HRH Princess Michael of Kent, NOT HRH Prince Marie Christine of Kent.
The same goes for wife of any nobility. When Miss A marries the Earl of B, she becomes the Countess of B. If they remain married and her husband dies before her, she will be known as,
1) the Countess of B, as long as the new Earl is not :-) married
2) the Dowager Countess of B, or A, Countess of B, when the new Earl marries.
If they are divorced and the wife does NOT remarried another man, she is also known as,
3) A, Countess of B
When Dianas mother, Frances, was divorced from her father, the then Viscount Althorp, she became known as Frances, Viscountess Althorp until she remarried Peter Shand Kydd, she had to revert to The Hon. Mrs. Shand Kydd as herself is a daughter of a Baron.)
It should also be noted that when Lt. Philip Mountbatten (former HRH Prince Philip of Greece) married in 1947 HRH the Princess Elizabeth, the heiress presumptive, he was created HRH the Duke of Edinburgh. He NEVER was HRH Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, UNTIL his wife, the then Queen Elizabeth II, created him Prince of the UK years later in 1957.
Even when a royal lady married an untitled man, she also takes his name but retaining her royal title and status.
When HRH the Princess Margaret married Anthony Armstrong-Jones, he was created the Earl of Snowdon so she became HRH the Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon. (She was a Princess of her own and a Countessby virtue of marrying to the Earl.) When they divorced, she was known as simply HRH the Princess Margaret, but officially she still was HRH the Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (or Princess Margaret who used to be the Countess of Snowdon).
When HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent married the Hon. Mr. Angus Ogilvy, she became HRH Princess Alexandra, the Hon. Mrs. Ogilvy. When her husband was created a knight as the Hon. Sir Angus Ogilvy, she became HRH Princess Alexandra, the Hon. Lady Ogilvy, as a wife of a knight. Now that her husband passed away she is preferred to be just HRH Princess Alexandra.
Also, in the UK, the prefix the before title Prince or Princess is used to denote the children of the sovereign only. Grand children (like HRH Prince William of Wales, HRH Princess Alexandra, etc.) or Princesses by marriage (like HRH Pricess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, HRH Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, etc.) can not use it.
Hope this helps krab.
Dr. Pong (Dr Pong)
12 เม.ย. 49 00:01:49