(1) Patients recover more quickly from surgery when tapes with hypnotic suggestion are played to them on the operating table, doctors at St Thomas's hospital,London have found. While under anesthetic, they were told: "You will not feel sick" "You will not have any pain" Those given such suggestions had fewer complications than others after surgery and left hospital sooner.
(2) The experiment was set up at St Thomas's after doctors found patients could sometimes recall things said during operations. In a study at another hospital, many patients who were told during an operation that they should touch their ears at a later interview with a doctor did so.
(3) The experiment at St Thomas's was conducted on 19 women having a hysterectomy operation. The women who had consented to the experiment, were played a 12-minute recording repeated six times. Most of the tape gave details of the normal procedures following the operaton and how to cope with them. It said, for example: "How quickly you recover from your operation depends upon you-the more you relax, the more comfortable you will be" This was followed by two minutes of directly telling the patients she would feel well after the operation. Then came a minute of third-person suggestion- for example: "The operation seems to be going very well and the operation is fine"
(4) A control group of patients was played blank tapes. Patients who received the suggestions were discharged from hospital 1.3 days earlier on average. If this could be achieved as a routine, the health service could save a millions of pounds a year. Nurses rated the patients, and almost all thoses who had been given suggestions did better than expected. They suffered from less fever and had few stomach and bowel disturbances, which are common following an abdominal operation.
1. The main idea is that....?
a patients given hypnotic suggestion recover more quickly from surgery.
b messages from the tape-recording affect patient's attitude toward operation.
c patients who received the suggestions were discharged from hospital earlier.
d the experiment was set up after doctors found patients could
2. In paragraph2 "did so" is a substitution for ....?
a recalled things
b found patients
c left hospital sooner
d touched their ears
"should touch their ears at a later interview with a doctor did so". The correct answer is D
3. The word "them" (paragraph 3) refers to ....?
a the patients
b the doctors
c the operations
d the procedures
D " Most of the tape gave details of the normal procedures following the operaton and how to cope with them"
4. Which of the following is not crucial part of the experiment?
a The messages is repeatedly delivered to soothe the patients during a surgery
b The patients receiving the operations are separated into two groups
c The operation is carried out under anesthetic
d Tapes with hypnotic suggestions are played
5. The total amount of time the recording was played to the patients during an operation is .... minutes.
6. The experiment resulted in all of the following except ....
a a shorter stay at hospital
b quick recovery from the operation
c a decrease in the health budget
d fewer bowel disturbances
7. Which of the following is not true?
a Those who have had an abdominal operation usually experience stomach upsets.
b Patients undergoing an operation feel no pain after surgery
c Patients given suggestions can leaves hospital earlier
d The experiment consisted of 19 women having a hysterectomy operation
8. According to the article,....seem to be least involved in the experiment.
b those having a hysterectomy operation
d a control group of patients
C. Why? Because tape recorders were played during the operation only once while other choices are more involved in the follow-up studies to come up with the detailed comparison.
9. Which word corresponds to the meaning of "discharged" (paragraph4)
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